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CNA Skill Passive Range of Motion Upper Body

The CNA skill of properly conducting passive range of motion upper body exercises on a resident will likely be tested on your state’s CNA exam. Being able to work with your residents to perform passive range of motion on the upper body exercises will likely be a daily task as a CNA.    

To learn all the necessary steps for this skill, please watch this CNA Skill Passive Range of Motion Upper Body for a complete demonstration of the skill. 

CNA Skill Passive Range of Motion Upper Body

The process of performing the skill of passive range of motion upper body for a CNA skills exam is as follows:

  1. Perform the standard CNA beginning tasks. Knock before entering the patient’s room, greet the patient by name, introduce yourself, explain the task you are about to perform, close the privacy curtain, and wash your hands.
  2. Be sure the bed is set to a good working height or you, and check bed brakes. 
  3. Start with doing abduction and adduction motion, supporting the elbow and wrist joints. 
  4. Do each exercise 5 times. 
  5. Next, do extension and function. 
  6. Next, do rotation. 
  7. Next, perform the dorsiflexion. 
  8. If possible, then have the resident flex their fingers on their own. 
  9. Repeat the procedures on the resident’s other side. 
  10. Perform your standard completion tasks – wash your hands, ensure the patient has a clean environment, ask if they are comfortable, give them their call light and close their privacy curtain.

* Please be sure to consult the testing materials provided by the skills test provider in your state to ensure that these steps for CNA Skill Passive Range in Motion are in compliance. The procedure in different states and from different test providers can vary slightly and greatly affect your score.