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CNA Skill Range of Motion

The CNA skill of range of motion, or ROM, may likely be tested on your state’s CNA exam. Having the knowledge to properly help residents with their range of motion abilities will be very helpful to your CNA skill set.

To learn all the necessary steps for this skill, please watch this CNA Skills ROM for a complete demonstration of the skill. 

CNA Skill – Range of Motion

The process of performing the skill range of motion for a CNA skills exam is as follows:

  1. Perform the standard CNA beginning tasks. Knock before entering the patient’s room, greet the patient by name, introduce yourself, explain the task you are about to perform, close the privacy curtain, and wash your hands. . 
  2. Explain to the resident that you will be doing all the range of motion work, but to tell you if they experience any pain.
  3. Support under the knee and ankle. Lift and bend all the way up and back down. 
  4. Repeat three times.
  5. For the ankle, lift foot off bed and bend forward as if they are using a pedal in a car.
  6. Repeat this ROM three times with the ankle.
  7. Repeat on the resident’s other leg. 
  8. Perform your standard completion tasks – wash your hands, ensure the patient has a clean environment, ask if they are comfortable, give them their call light and close their privacy curtain.

* Please be sure to consult the testing materials provided by the skills test provider in your state to ensure that these steps for CNA Range in Motion are in compliance. The procedure in different states and from different test providers can vary slightly and greatly affect your score.